Just on the original topic I recalled reading this awesome rebuttal and went looking for it: 8 fallacies in one verse!sauce
MINI-FAQ: Psalms 14:1
"The fool has said in his heart, 'There is no God.' They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that does good.
" (Psalms 14:1)ad hominem fallacy
: An argument is discounted based on attacking the character of the person making the argument. ("He is wrong when he says there is no God, because he is a fool.")strawman fallacy
: Arguing against a position by creating a different, weaker, or irrelevant position and refuting that position instead of the original. ("There is no God" misrepresents "There isn't sufficient evidence that God exists.")circular reasoning
: The truth of the conclusion is assumed in order to justify the premises. ("The fool says there is no God, because anyone who says there is no God is a fool.")begging the question
: The argument creates a secondary proposition that is related to the primary proposition, which requires a similar argument that is missing. (The existence of God is assumed, while addressing propositions of whether God exists.)fallacy of inconsistency
: The argument is inconsistent with other arguments within the same context.
In the Christian context, Jesus commands against the invective in Psalms 14:1, warning that "whoever says 'You fool!' shall be liable to the hell of fire" in Matthew 5:22.special pleading
: The inappropriate attribution of emotive functions to objects that do not have that capability. (Hearts are not capable of "knowing" or of feeling emotions.)redundancy
: Psalm 53 is identical to Psalm 14.questionable premise
: It is obviously not the case that all atheists do nothing but bad deeds. This premise is invalidated by a single example of an atheist doing a single charitable act.